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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and tissue-type plasminogen activator are up-regulated during unilateral ureteral obstruction in adult rats.

PURPOSE: The plasminogen activator (PA)-plasmin system has been shown to influence turnover of the extracellular matrix in various tissues. We examined the alteration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in kidneys with unilateral ureteral obstruction in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats that underwent ligation of the left ureter were sacrificed 12 hours, 1, 5 or 10 days later. The expressions of PAI-1 and t-PA was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical studies in the obstructed and contralateral kidneys in each group. RESULTS: Control kidneys showed no PAI-1 messenger (m)RNA expression. After days 1 through 10 of unilateral ureteral obstruction the amount of PAI-1 mRNA significantly increased in obstructed compared with contralateral kidneys (p <0.01). Meanwhile, slight polymerase chain reaction products of t-PA were observed in control kidneys. After 12 hours through 10 days of unilateral ureteral obstruction, t-PA mRNA in obstructed and contralateral kidneys was significantly elevated compared with in control kidneys (p <0.05). No significant difference in t-PA was observed in the obstructed and contralateral kidneys in each group. Immunoreactivity to PAI-1 and t-PA was identified in obstructed kidneys. CONCLUSIONS: PAI-1 and t-PA are up-regulated in obstructed rat kidneys. Our results indicate that the PA-plasmin system has a role in the process of matrix accumulation and degradation during rat obstructive nephropathy.[1]


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