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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A randomized, double-blind trial of the effect of treatment with montelukast on bronchial hyperresponsiveness and serum eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP), soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-4, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) in children with asthma.

BACKGROUND: Anti-inflammatory properties of leukotriene modifiers and their effect on bronchial hyperresponsiveness have not been studied in children with asthma. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the changes in serum levels of inflammatory mediators, clinical efficacy, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness after treatment with montelukast. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 39 children with mild-to-moderate atopic asthma were randomly allocated to receive montelukast or placebo for 6 weeks. Main outcome measures were changes in serum concentrations of soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-4, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1); peripheral blood eosinophil count; and eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP). Asthma severity score, FEV(1), and bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) for histamine were secondary end points. RESULTS: Compared to placebo, serum concentrations of IL-4, sICAM-1, and ECP and eosinophil blood counts significantly decreased after 6 weeks of treatment with montelukast. Montelukast significantly improved asthma control and FEV(1). Montelukast resulted in within-group significant decrease in levels of serum sIL-2R (611 vs. 483 pg/mL), IL-4 (0.123 vs 0.102 pg/mL), sICAM-1 (280 vs. 244 ng/mL), and ECP (74 vs. 59 microg/mL) and in eosinophil blood counts (349 vs. 310 cells/mm(3)). Mean FEV(1) value changed from 85% of predicted to 95% (P <.001) and for histamine (PC(20)H) from 2.8 mg/mL to 3.8 mg/mL (P <.001) after treatment with montelukast. There was no significant difference between montelukast and placebo recipients in the serum concentrations of sIL-2R and PC(20)H after treatment. CONCLUSION: Montelukast provides clinical benefit to patients with chronic asthma and decreases bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Montelukast caused a statistically significant decrease of serum concentrations in cytokine, ICAM-1, and ECP and peripheral blood eosinophil counts over the 6-week treatment period. This observation raises the possibility that leukotriene receptor antagonists, such as montelukast, may have effects on parameters of asthmatic inflammation.[1]


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