The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reconstituted discoidal ApoE-phospholipid particles are ligands for the scavenger receptor BI. The amino-terminal 1-165 domain of ApoE suffices for receptor binding.

The high density lipoprotein receptor, scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), recognizes lipid-bound apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and other apolipoproteins. Here, we have used large scale cultures of apoE-expressing cells to purify apoE and prepare apoE containing reconstituted discoidal 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-l-phosphatidylcholine (POPC)-apoE particles. These particles have been used to examine their binding to wild-type and mutant forms of SR-BI expressed in transfected ldlA-7 cells. Specific binding to SR-BI was determined by subtracting from the total binding, nonspecific values measured using either control untransfected ldlA-7 cells or by inhibiting SR-BI-mediated binding with a high titer antireceptor-blocking antibody. POPC-apoE particles generated using apoE2, apoE3, apoE4, or the carboxyl-terminally truncated forms apoE165, apoE202, apoE229, and apoE259 all bound tightly to wild-type SR-BI with similar affinities (K(d) = 35-45 microg/ml). Binding was nearly abolished in a cell line expressing the ldlA (Q402R/Q418R) double mutant form of SR-BI that is unable to bind native high density lipoprotein but binds low density lipoprotein normally. The findings establish that apoE is a ligand for SR-BI and that the receptor binding domain is located in the amino-terminal 1-165-region of the protein. SR-BI-apoE interactions may contribute to cholesterol homeostasis in tissues and cells expressing SR-BI that are accessible to apoE-containing lipoproteins.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities