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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Enzymatic induction of interferon production by galactose oxidase treatment of human lymphoid cells.

Human lymphocyte cultures produced large amounts of interferon after treatment with the enzyme galactose oxidase. Interferon production was detectable as early as 3 h after enzymatic treatment and reached a level of about 10(4) reference units 20 to 24 h later. Galactose oxidase-induced interferon appeared to be immune interferon on the basis of acid lability, lack of neutralization by antibody to leukocyte interferon, and slow kinetics of activation of the cellular antiviral state. Interferon production was inhibited to the same extent (99%) by pretreatment of the cells with beta-galactosidase or with neuraminidase followed by beta-galactosidase, suggesting that the critical event for activation of interferon production is the oxidation of exposed galactose residues on lymphocyte membrane.[1]

References

  1. Enzymatic induction of interferon production by galactose oxidase treatment of human lymphoid cells. Dianzani, F., Monahan, T.M., Scupham, A., Zucca, M. Infect. Immun. (1979) [Pubmed]
 
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