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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synergistic enhancement of antitumor immunity with adoptively transferred tumor-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and intratumoral lymphotactin transgene expression.

The lack of efficient T-cell infiltration of tumors is a major obstacle to successful adoptive T-cell therapy. We have shown that transplanted SP2/0 myeloma tumors that have been engineered to express lymphotactin (Lptn) invariably regress under the influence of infiltrating XCR1+T cells and neutrophils. Herein, we characterize these T cells and investigate their therapeutic efficacy, either alone or with Lptn gene therapy. After stimulation with SP2/0 cells, these T cells were CD25+FasL+L-selectin-, expressed XCR-1, and were chemoattracted by Lptn in vitro. They comprised 66% CD4+ Th1 and 33% CD8+ Tc1 cells, both of which expressed significant amounts of IFN-gamma, perforin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, but not interleukin-4. The CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ Tc1 cells, which were inhibited and stimulated, respectively, for proliferation with Lptn signaling, displayed 38 and 84% specific killing, respectively, for Ia(d)/H-2K(d)-expressing SP2/0 tumor cells (E:T ratio, 100). In vivo, combined intratumoral Lptn gene transfer and adoptive immunotherapy with these CD4+ and CD8+ T cells eradicated well-established SP2/0 tumors in six of eight mice, and dramatically slowed tumor growth in the other two mice. Cell tracking using labeled T cells confirmed that these cells infiltrated better into the Lptn-expressing tumors than non-Lptn-expressing ones. Control or Lptn adenoviral treatments by themselves did not alter the lethal outcome for tumor-bearing mice, nor did T-cell therapy by itself, although the latter two treatments did slow its time frame. Combined Lptn gene transfer and adoptive CD4+ or CD8+ cell transfers were not nearly as efficacious as the combined Lptn gene and unfractionated T-cell transfers. Taken together, our data provide solid evidence of a potent synergy between adoptive CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell therapy and Lptn gene transfer into tumor tissues, which culminated in the eradication of well-established tumor masses.[1]


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