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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kinetics of inter-domain electron transfer in flavocytochrome cellobiose dehydrogenase from the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium.

The pre-steady-state kinetics of inter-domain electron transfer in the extracellular flavocytochrome cellobiose dehydrogenase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium was studied using various values of pH and substrate concentration. Monitoring at the isosbestic point of each prosthetic group indicated that the reductive half-reactions of flavin and haem were biphasic and monophasic respectively. When the observed rates of the flavin and haem reactions were plotted against substrate concentration, the behaviour of the second phase of the flavin reduction was almost identical with that of haem reduction at all substrate concentrations and pH values tested, suggesting that the formation of flavin semiquinone and haem reduction involve the same electron transfer reaction. Although flavin reduction by cellobiose was observed in the range of pH 3.0-7.0, the velocity of the next electron transfer step decreased with increase of pH and was almost zero above pH 6. 0. The second phase of flavin reduction and the haem reduction were inhibited similarly by high concentrations of the substrate, whereas the first phase of flavin reduction showed a hyperbolic relation to the cellobiose concentration. Increase in pH enhanced the substrate inhibition of haem reduction but not the initial flavin reduction. Moreover, the dissociation constant K(d) of flavin reduction and the substrate inhibition constant K(i) of haem reduction decreased similarly with an increase of pH. From these results, it is evident that binding of cellobiose to the active site inhibits electron transfer from flavin to haem.[1]


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