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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cardiotrophin-1 and urocortin cause protection by the same pathway and hypertrophy via distinct pathways in cardiac myocytes.

Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is an Interleukin-6 family cytokine with known hypertrophic and protective effects in cardiac cells. CT-1 and the corticotrophin releasing hormone-like hormone urocortin protect cardiac myocytes by the same p42/44 mitogen activated protein kinase (p42/44 MAPK) dependent pathway. We investigated whether urocortin is also hypertrophic in cardiac myocytes and whether it shares a common pathway with CT-1 for this effect. Moreover, we also investigated, for the first time whether CT-1 and urocortin can induce hypertrophy in cultured adult as opposed to neonatal cardiac cells. Urocortin and CT-1 caused hypertrophy (as measured by an increase in cell area and enhanced protein: DNA ratio) in both adult and neonatal rat cultured cardiac myocytes. The hypertrophic effect of CT-1 was dependent on the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway but the hypertrophic effect of urocortin was independent of this pathway. In contrast, inhibition of the protective p42/p44 MAPK pathway has no effect on the hypertrophic effect of CT-1 or urocortin. Additionally, inhibition of the STAT3 pathway has no effect on the protective effect of CT-1 or urocortin. These results identify urocortin as a novel hypertrophic and protective agent whose hypertrophic effect is mediated by a distinct pathway to that activated by CT-1, although the two factors mediate protection via the same pathway.[1]


  1. Cardiotrophin-1 and urocortin cause protection by the same pathway and hypertrophy via distinct pathways in cardiac myocytes. Railson, J.E., Liao, Z., Brar, B.K., Buddle, J.C., Pennica, D., Stephanou, A., Latchman, D.S. Cytokine (2002) [Pubmed]
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