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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Short-term infusion of LongR(3) insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I decreases hepatic IGF-I mRNA but not IGF binding protein-3 mRNA expression in pigs.

Infusion of pigs with an insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) analogue (LongR(3)IGF-I) that does not bind to IGF- binding proteins decreases growth rate and the plasma concentration of growth hormone ( GH), IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and insulin. This study was designed to determine whether the decrease is due to changes in IGF-I and IGFBP-3 gene expression. IGF-I or LongR(3)IGF-I (180 microg/kg/day) was infused into 55-kg finisher pigs for 4 days using Travenol infuser pumps. Plasma IGF-I concentration was measured by radioimmunoassay and plasma IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-2 were estimated by Western ligand blotting. Steady-state levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 mRNA were measured by RNase protection assay. Neither IGF-I nor LongR(3)IGF-I had a significant effect on hepatic IGF-I class 1 mRNA expression, whereas hepatic IGF-I class 2 mRNA expression was significantly reduced by both peptides. Plasma IGFBP-3 levels were unaffected by IGF-I treatment but were reduced by LongR(3)IGF-I treatment. The decrease in IGFBP-3 was not due to decreased gene expression in porcine liver or kidney, since neither IGF-I nor LongR(3)IGF-I treatment altered IGFBP-3 mRNA. This study infers a direct effect of the IGF analogue LongR(3)IGF-I on GH through its inhibition of plasma IGF-I concentration and class 2 IGF-I mRNA. The decrease in plasma IGFBP-3 was not accompanied by a decrease in hepatic or renal IGFBP-3 mRNA, suggesting that in this case, plasma IGFBP-3 protein levels are posttranslationally regulated or are derived from tissues other than liver or kidney.[1]


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