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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Photorefractive keratectomy in children.

PURPOSE: To evaluate photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in pediatric patients who fail traditional methods of treatment for myopic anisometropic amblyopia and high myopia. SETTING: Nonhospital surgical facility with follow-up in a hospital clinic setting. METHODS: Photorefractive keratectomy was performed in 40 eyes of 27 patients. The patients were divided into 4 groups based on the type of myopia: myopic anisometropic amblyopia (15 eyes/13 patients), bilateral high myopia (20 eyes/10 patients), high myopia post-penetrating keratoplasty (3 eyes/2 patients), and combined corneal scarring and anisometropic amblyopia (2 eyes/2 patients). All procedures were performed under general anesthesia using the VISX 20/20 B laser and a multizone, multipass ablation technique. Appropriate corneal fixation was achieved with appropriate head positioning (turn and tilt) and an Arrowsmith fixation ring. Myopia was as high as -25.00 diopter (D) spherical equivalent (SE), but no treatment was for more than -17.50 D SE. RESULTS: The mean SE decreased from -10.68 D to -1.37 D at 1 year, a mean change of -9.31 D. At 1 year, the mean best corrected visual acuity improved from 20/70 to 20/40 in the entire group. Forty percent of eyes were within +/-1.0 D of the targeted refraction. There was no haze in 59.5% of eyes. Three eyes initially had 3+ haze; 1 improved to 2+ and 2 required repeat PRK with significant haze reduction. Five eyes (3 patients) with greater than -17.00 D SE myopia before PRK (range -17.50 to -25.00 D) had 3.42 D more effect than predicted (range 0.50 to 5.50 D). A functional vision survey demonstrated a positive effect on the children's ability to function in their environments after the laser treatment. CONCLUSION: Photorefractive keratectomy in children represents another method of providing long-term resolution of bilateral high myopia and myopic anisometropic amblyopia.[1]


  1. Photorefractive keratectomy in children. Astle, W.F., Huang, P.T., Ells, A.L., Cox, R.G., Deschenes, M.C., Vibert, H.M. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. (2002) [Pubmed]
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