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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemical detection of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative DNA damage, in human chronic cholecystitis.

AIMS: Recent studies suggest that oxidative DNA damage induced during chronic inflammation may play a role in carcinogenesis in some organs. Although gallbladder carcinomas are frequently observed with a background of chronic cholecystitis, little is known about oxidative DNA damage in chronic cholecystitis. The aims of this study were to investigate the expression of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a biomarker of oxidative DNA damage, in normal and chronically inflamed human gallbladder mucosa and compare its expression with clinicopathological findings. METHODS AND RESULTS: 8-OHdG expression was immunohistochemically examined using a monoclonal antibody against 8-OHdG in human gallbladder specimens. In normal gallbladder (n=5), no 8-OHdG expression was observed. In contrast, nuclear expression of 8-OHdG was detected in 28 of 31cases (90.3%) in gallbladder epithelial cells with chronic cholecystitis. The positive cells were predominantly observed in the areas of active inflammation with prominent cell infiltration. Quantitative analysis revealed that the number of 8-OHdG+ cells (labelling index) significantly (rs=0.671, P < 0.05) correlated with the degree of the activity of mucosal inflammation, while gender, age, and the presence of gallstones did not influence the index. CONCLUSIONS: Oxidative DNA damage is common in chronic cholecystitis, suggesting a possible link between chronic inflammation and gallbladder carcinogenesis.[1]


  1. Immunohistochemical detection of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative DNA damage, in human chronic cholecystitis. Seki, S., Kitada, T., Yamada, T., Sakaguchi, H., Nakatani, K., Onoda, N., Satake, K. Histopathology (2002) [Pubmed]
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