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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

An abortive ligand-induced activation of CCR1- mediated downstream signaling event and a deficiency of CCR5 expression are associated with the hyporesponsiveness of human naive CD4+ T cells to CCL3 and CCL5.

Human memory CD4(+) T cells respond better to inflammatory CCLs/CC chemokines, CCL3 and CCL5, than naive CD4(+) T cells. We analyzed the regulatory mechanism underlying this difference. Memory and naive CD4(+) T cells expressed similarly high levels of CCR1; however, CCR5 was only expressed in memory CD4(+) T cells at low levels. Experiments using mAbs to block chemokine receptors revealed that CCR1 functioned as a major receptor for the binding of CCL5 in memory and naive CD4(+) T cells as well as the ligand-induced chemotaxis in memory CD4(+) T cells. Stimulation of memory CD4(+) T cells with CCL5 activated protein tyrosine kinase-dependent cascades, which were significantly blocked by anti-CCR1 mAb, whereas this stimulation failed to induce these events in naive CD4(+) T cells. Intracellular expressions of regulator of G protein signaling 3 and 4 were only detected in naive CD4(+) T cells. Pretreatment of cell membrane fractions from memory and naive CD4(+) T cells with GTP-gamma S inhibited CCL5 binding, indicating the involvement of G proteins in the interaction of CCL5 and its receptor(s). In contrast, CCL5 enhanced the GTP binding to G(i alpha) and G(q alpha) in memory CD4(+) T cells, but not in naive CD4(+) T cells. Thus, a failure of the ligand-induced activation of CCR1- mediated downstream signaling event as well as a deficiency of CCR5 expression may be involved in the hyporesponsiveness of naive CD4(+) T cells to CCL3 and CCL5.[1]

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