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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor paroxetine modulates motor behavior through practice. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-dose study in healthy subjects.

We hypothesized that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) could modulate motor activity in healthy subjects in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of a single dose of paroxetine were tested in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Six randomized and counterbalanced subjects performed behavioral tests in three sessions 1 week apart (E1, E2 and E3) at peak plasma concentration (5 h after drug intake). Each subject was given 20 mg or 60 mg of the drug, or a placebo. Tasks were the Nine Peg Hole test (three trials), Moede dexteritymeter (two trials), and compatible and incompatible reaction time tasks. The results show that at the first trials, performance did not differ after placebo or paroxetine intake. However, 20 and 60 mg of paroxetine improved performance significantly at the third trial of the Nine Peg Hole test and subjects receiving the drug performed 7% faster than those under placebo. An amount of 20 mg, but not 60 mg, of paroxetine improved dexterity significantly at the second trial of the Moede test and subjects performed 30% faster. Conversely, the drug did not affect reaction time for the compatible task and subjects were 11% slower under 20 mg with the incompatible task. Thus, paroxetine decreased the ability to inhibit automatism. Thus, it was concluded that a single dose of paroxetine improved motor performance through practice. But negative effects occurred on tasks including the inhibition of an automatism. Paroxetine enhanced brain motor output (motor activity in S1M1) [NeuroImage, 15 (2002) 26]. This S1M1 hyperactivation is likely to be responsible for the better performance. The brain effect and motor improvement were dose dependent. For both, 20 mg was the optimal dose.[1]


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