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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetic study of cystemustine, administered on a weekly schedule in cancer patients.

BACKGROUND: Cystemustine is a chloroethylnitrosourea mostly active in humans against glioma and melanoma. The present report describes the results of a new phase I trial with cystemustine administered on a weekly schedule. The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of cystemustine were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients entered this study. Cystemustine was administered at dose levels ranging from 30 to 60 mg/m2. The drug was given on days 1, 8, 15 and 22, followed by a 4-week rest period. RESULTS: Thrombocytopenia was the dose-limiting toxicity and appeared to be reversible, but probably cumulative. This toxicity appeared dose-related, both in frequency and severity. The maximum tolerated dose was 60 mg/m2. Nonhematological toxicity was generally mild. Three partial responses were observed at dose levels of 50 and 60 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetics analysis showed mono- or biphasic cystemustine blood disposition with a mean a half-life of 4 min and mean terminal half-life of 49 min. CONCLUSIONS: There was a clear linear relationship between the area under the blood drug concentration-time curve (AUC) and the dose of cystemustine (P < 0.001). There was also a significant relationship between the AUC and the toxic effects of cystemustine on platelets, granulocytes and leukocytes (P < 0.001). A reasonable starting dose for phase II studies is 40 mg/m2, with dose escalation based on blood cell counts.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetic study of cystemustine, administered on a weekly schedule in cancer patients. Cellarier, E., Terret, C., Labarre, P., Ouabdesselam, R., Curé, H., Marchenay, C., Maurizis, J.C., Madelmont, J.C., Cholle, P., Armand, J.P. Ann. Oncol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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