The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Leptin is required for fibrogenic responses induced by thioacetamide in the murine liver.

In this study, we investigated hepatic fibrogenesis caused by long-term thioacetamide (TAA) administration in ob/ob mice, a naturally occurring leptin deficient animal. In the lean littermates, prominent hepatic fibrosis, as well as positive staining for alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), was induced by treatment with TAA (200 microg/g, IP, 3 times per week) for 4 to 8 weeks as expected. In sharp contrast, almost no hepatic fibrosis developed in ob/ob mice given the equivalent doses of TAA, where specific staining for alpha-SMA barely was detected. Induction of alpha1(I) procollagen mRNA caused by TAA also was prevented in ob/ob mice almost completely. Further, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) mRNA was increased in the liver after TAA treatment for 4 weeks in lean littermates, which also was prevented in ob/ob mice. Interestingly, fibrotic septa in the hepatic lobules, as well as increases in alpha1(I) procollagen mRNA, was observed in ob/ob mice, when they were injected with recombinant murine leptin (1 microg/g daily) in combination with TAA treatment. Leptin per se did not cause any fibrotic changes in the liver in ob/ob mice. These findings clearly indicated that leptin deficiency is responsible for the resistance to TAA-induced profibrogenic responses in ob/ob mice. In conclusion, leptin appears to promote profibrogenic responses in the liver, in part, by up-regulation of TGF-beta.[1]


  1. Leptin is required for fibrogenic responses induced by thioacetamide in the murine liver. Honda, H., Ikejima, K., Hirose, M., Yoshikawa, M., Lang, T., Enomoto, N., Kitamura, T., Takei, Y., Sato, N. Hepatology (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities