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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Testosterone is a potential augmentor of antioxidant-induced apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells.

We have investigated the effect of antioxidant-induced apoptosis in human prostate cancer cell lines that is augmented by testosterone (T). In this study, DU-145 (androgen unresponsive), ALVA-101 (partially androgen responsive), and LNCaP (androgen responsive) were grown in tissue culture with RPMI 1640 medium, 5-10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), antibiotics and 5% CO2. Treatment with 2.5-20 microg/ml of PDTC significantly (P < 0.05, n = 6) lowered cell growth in all three cells 2-60% following treatment for 1-7 days. T (10(-12) M) alone enhances cell growth in androgen responsive cells. In contrast, the combination of PDTC and T significantly (P < 0.05, n = 6) augmented the PDTC induction of apoptosis in the androgen responsive cells, (ALVA-101 and LNCaP), but not in the androgen unresponsive cells (DU-145). PDTC reduced the nuclear NF-KB, as determined with an electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), to 50% of the control in LNCaP cells, 65% in ALVA-101 cells and 45% in DU-145 cells, but the combination of PDTC and T was not more potent than PDTC alone in any of the cell lines. PDTC suppressed both the AR mRNA and protein expression and reversed the stimulatory effect of T on androgen receptor ( AR) protein synthesis in LNCaP and AVLA-101 cells. In conclusion, PDTC is a potent growth inhibitor and an inducer of apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells by reducing nuclear NF-kappaB and AR protein expression. PDTCs suppression of AR synthesis and nuclear NF-kappaB in response to T may contribute to its enhancement of apoptosis observed with T and PDTC compared to PDTC alone.[1]


  1. Testosterone is a potential augmentor of antioxidant-induced apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. Gunawardena, K., Murray, D.K., Meikle, A.W. Cancer Detect. Prev. (2002) [Pubmed]
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