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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Preparation, characterization, and structure of zirconium fluoride alkylamino-N,N-bis methylphosphonates: a new design for layered zirconium diphosphonates with a poorly hindered interlayer region.

This paper reports the preparation and characterization of the homologous series of layered zirconium fluoride n-alkylamino-N,N-bis methylphosphonates, of general formula ZrF(O(3)PCH(2))(2)NHC(n)H(2n+1) (n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10), in which the two phosphonic groups of each diphosphonate building block participate in the assembly of a single lamella, because they are joined to zirconium atoms belonging to the same layer. The crystal structure of one of the series of these zirconium diphosphonates, ZrF(O(3)PCH(2))(2)NHC(5)H(11), has been solved "ab initio" by X-ray powder diffraction data. The structure is monoclinic, space group P2(1)/c. The zwitterionic character of the diphosphonate moiety is a distinctive feature which acts as a structure-orienting factor, generating a layer framework which is different from the other structures known for zirconium phosphates and phosphonates. This compound undergoes a phase transition at 117 degrees C which involves a rearrangement of the interlayer alkyl chains. The structure of the high-temperature phase has been refined by the Rietveld method. Because only one organic residue is associated with two phosphonate tetrahedra, a poorly hindered interlayer region is formed, and alkyl chains bonded to adjacent layers are interdigitated. Preliminary experiments have shown that these compounds are able to intercalate organic molecules, such as n-alkanols, from very dilute water solutions.[1]


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