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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enhanced activity of Ca2+-activated K+ channels by 1-[2-hydroxy-3-propyl-4-[(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)butoxyl]phenyl] ethanone (LY-171883) in neuroendocrine and neuroblastoma cell lines.

The effects of LY-171883, an orally active leukotriene antagonist, on membrane currents were examined in pituitary GH(3) and in neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells. In GH(3) cells, LY-171883 (1-300 microM) reversibly increased the amplitude of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) current in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC(50) value of 15 microM. In excised inside-out patches recorded from GH(3) cells, the application of LY-171883 into cytosolic face did not modify single channel conductance of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels; however, it did increase the channel activity. The LY-171883-stimulated activity of BK(Ca) channels is dependent on membrane potential, and results mainly from an increase in mean open time and a decrease in mean closed time. However, REV-5901 (30 microM) suppressed the activity of BK(Ca) channels and MK-571 (30 microM) did not have any effect on it. Under the current-clamp condition, LY-171883 (30 microM) caused membrane hyperpolarization as well as decreased the firing rate of action potentials in GH(3) cells. In neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells, the application of LY-171883 (30 microM) also stimulated BK(Ca) channel activity in a voltage-dependent manner. However, neither clofibrate (30 microM) nor leukotriene D(4) (10 microM) affected the channel activity in IMR-32 cells. Troglitazone (30 microM) decreased the channel activity, but ciglitazone (30 microM) enhanced it. This study clearly demonstrates that LY-171883 stimulates the activity of BK(Ca) channels in a manner unlikely to be linked to its blockade of leukotriene receptors or stimulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. The stimulatory effects on these channels may, at least in part, contribute to the underlying cellular mechanisms by which LY-171883 affects neuronal or neuroendocrine function.[1]


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