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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neuroprotection by melatonin against ischemic neuronal injury associated with modulation of DNA damage and repair in the rat following a transient cerebral ischemia.

In the present study, double fluorescence staining combined with confocal laser scanning microscopy analysis were used to examine the effects of melatonin on ischemia-induced neuronal DNA strand breaks and its possible mechanisms in a transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion model. Results showed that melatonin dose-dependently reduced infarct areas and decreased both DNA double and single strand breaks (DSB and SSB) and enhanced cell viability in the peri-ischemic brain regions. Furthermore, Bcl-2 induction in the ischemic brain was further enhanced by melatonin treatment. Double staining analysis indicated that the cells costained for Bcl-2 and TdT-mediated-deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick-end labeling (TUNEL), a DSB marker, displayed a relative regular morphology compared with the cells only stained with TUNEL. Transient ischemia induced an expression of excision repair cross-complementing factor 6 (ERCC6) mRNA, a gene essential for the preferential repair of nuclear excision repair, in the injured neurons. Double labeling showed that ERCC6 only co-localized with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a member of the nuclear excision repair complex, but not with TUNEL. Melatonin further and statistical significantly up-regulated ERCC6 mRNA expression in the peri-ischemic region of rat brains. The results suggest that neuroprotection by melatonin against ischemic injury may be related to modulation of apoptosis and DNA repair capacity.[1]


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