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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantitative analysis of NF-kappaB-expression in cartilage and synovium of rat knee induced by intra-articular injection of synthetic lipid A.

OBJECTIVE: NF-kappaB expression in cartilage and synovium of rat knee after intra-articular injection of lipid A was investigated. METHODS: Inflammation was evaluated in histological sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin, toluidine blue and immunostained with monoclonal anti-NF-kappaB antibody or monoclonal anti-TNF-alpha antibody. RESULTS: Inflammatory cell infiltration into the synovium, hyperplasia of synovial lining layers, loss of metachromasia of cartilage, TNF-alpha-positive cells and NF-kappaB-positive cells in the synovium and cartilage were observed in all 26 rat knees intra-articularly injected with lipid A. The numbers of TNF-alpha-positive and NF-kappaB-positive synovial cells and chondrocytes after the injection were significantly greater than those in knees injected with triethylamine (p < 0.05). The amount of inflammatory cell infiltration into the synovium, synovial lining layers, TNF-alpha-positive synovial cells and NF-kappaB-positive synovial cells 12 h after the injection was significantly smaller than those after 1 day (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Intra-articular injection of lipid A induced NF-kappaB expression in cartilage and synovium. Cartilage degeneration started earlier than synovitis in this model. Quantitative analysis of NF-kappaB in cartilage might be useful to evaluate the extreme acute phase of cartilage degeneration.[1]


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