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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hic-5 interacts with GIT1 with a different binding mode from paxillin.

Hic-5, a member of the paxillin family of adaptor molecules, is localized at focal adhesion and implicated in integrin-mediated signaling. Hic-5 and paxillin exhibit structural homology and share interacting factors, however, diverse functions are suggested for them. In this study, we carried out yeast two-hybrid screening to identify Hic-5 interacting factors using its LD3-4 region, which includes the Hic-5-specific amino acid sequence, as a bait. Through the screening, we identified GIT1, an Arf GTPase-activating protein, as a Hic-5 binding protein. The interaction of these two proteins was mediated by the LD3 motif of Hic-5 and the C-terminal region, which includes a paxillin-binding subdomain, of GIT1. Although GIT1 is known as a paxillin-binding protein, we only observed weak association of paxillin with GIT1 in the overexpression system. In contrast, Hic-5 firmly bound to GIT1 under the same conditions. In addition, the paxillin/GIT1 complex contained PIX, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, whereas the Hic-5/GIT1 complex contained a smaller amount of PIX. These results suggested that paxillin and Hic-5 associate with GIT1 with different binding modes, and that the Hic-5 complex possesses static features compared with the paxillin complex, which contains both positive and negative regulators of GTPases involved in actin dynamics. Moreover, Hic-5- mediated inhibition of cell spreading was restored by co-expression of the C-terminal fragment of GIT1, which perturbs the interaction of Hic-5 with endogenous GIT1. Thus, it was demonstrated that Hic-5 and GIT1 interact functionally in addition to showing a physical association.[1]


  1. Hic-5 interacts with GIT1 with a different binding mode from paxillin. Nishiya, N., Shirai, T., Suzuki, W., Nose, K. J. Biochem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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