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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Concurrent administration of Docetaxel and Stealth liposomal doxorubicin with radiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer : excellent tolerance using subcutaneous amifostine for cytoprotection.

The substantial augmentation of the radiation sequelae during chemo-radiotherapy with novel drugs masks the real potential of such regimens. In this study we examined whether subcutaneous administration of amifostine can reduce the toxicity of a highly aggressive chemo-radiotherapy scheme with Stealth liposomal doxorubicin (Caelyx and Docetaxel (Taxotere in non-small cell lung cancer. Twenty-five patients with stage IIIb non-small cell lung cancer were recruited in a phase I/II dose escalation trial. The starting dose of Taxotere was 20 mg m(-2) week and of Caelyx was 15 mg m(-2) every two weeks, during conventionally fractionated radiotherapy (total dose of 64 Gy). The dose of Taxotere/Caelyx was, thereafter, increased to 20/25 (five patients) and 30/25 mg m(-2) (15 patients). Amifostine 500 mg was given subcutaneously before each radiotherapy fraction, while an i.v. amifostine dose of 1000 mg preceded the infusion of docetaxel. The 'in-field' radiation toxicity was low. Grade 3 esophagitis occurred in 9 out of 25 (36%) patients. Apart from a marked reduction of the lymphocyte counts, the regimen was deprived from any haematological toxicity higher than grade 1. No other systemic toxicity was noted. The CR and CR/PR rates in 15 patients treated at the highest dose level was 40% (6 out of 15) and 87% (13 out of 15) respectively. It is concluded that the subcutaneous administration of amifostine during high dose Taxotere/Caelyx chemo-radiotherapy is a simple and effective way to render this aggressive regimen perfectly well tolerated, by reducing the systemic and the 'in-field' toxicity to the levels expected from simple conventional radiotherapy. The impressive tolerance and the high CR rate obtained encourages the conduct of a relevant randomized trial to assess an eventual survival benefit in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.[1]

References

  1. Concurrent administration of Docetaxel and Stealth liposomal doxorubicin with radiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer : excellent tolerance using subcutaneous amifostine for cytoprotection. Koukourakis, M.I., Romanidis, K., Froudarakis, M., Kyrgias, G., Koukourakis, G.V., Retalis, G., Bahlitzanakis, N. Br. J. Cancer (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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