The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Persisting murine cytomegalovirus can reactivate and has unique transcriptional activity in ocular tissue.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is an important ocular complication in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals and the leading cause of blindness in those not undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy. Murine CMV (MCMV) infection of mice has been shown to be a useful small-animal model for the study of CMV pathogenesis in the eye. The purpose of this study was to evaluate CMV persistence in ocular tissue and to determine the potential for reactivation. Following subretinal inoculation of immunocompetent BALB/c mice, tissues were tested for infectious virus by plaque assay and for the presence of viral DNA and RNA by PCR. The latent phase of the infection in mouse tissues was analyzed by plaque assay, PCR, and explantation cocultivation in both immunocompetent and cyclophosphamide-treated mice. The acute phase of the infection was resolved by 2 to 3 weeks postinfection, while viral DNA persisted beyond 12 months. Immediate-early 1 transcripts were detected in 100% of the ocular samples tested, and glycoprotein H transcripts were detected in 86% of the samples, but no difference in viral DNA or RNA levels between immunocompetent and immunosuppressed animals was measured. Irrespective of immune status, no in vivo reactivation was detected; however, reactivated virus was observed in 76 to 82% of the eyes following explantation onto a permissive cell layer. The transcriptional activity and relatively high frequency of explantation-induced reactivation in both immunocompetent and immunosuppressed mice suggest that control of MCMV latency in ocular tissue might involve other regulatory events that are not entirely dependent on intact specific immunity.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities