The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Naturally occurring substitutions in the P/V gene convert the noncytopathic paramyxovirus simian virus 5 into a virus that induces alpha/beta interferon synthesis and cell death.

The V protein of the paramyxovirus simian virus 5 (SV5) is responsible for targeted degradation of STAT1 and the block in alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta) signaling that occurs after SV5 infection of human cells. We have analyzed the growth properties of a recombinant SV5 that was engineered to be defective in targeting STAT1 degradation. A recombinant SV5 (rSV5-P/V-CPI-) was engineered to contain six naturally occurring P/V protein mutations, three of which have been shown in previous transfection experiments to disrupt the V-mediated block in IFN-alpha/beta signaling. In contrast to wild-type (WT) SV5, human cells infected with rSV5-P/V-CPI- had STAT1 levels similar to those in mock-infected cells. Cells infected with rSV5-P/V-CPI- were found to express higher-than-WT levels of viral proteins and mRNA, suggesting that the P/V mutations had disrupted the regulation of viral RNA synthesis. Despite the inability to target STAT1 for degradation, single-step growth assays showed that the rSV5-P/V-CPI- mutant virus grew better than WT SV5 in all cell lines tested. Unexpectedly, cells infected with rSV5-P/V-CPI- but not WT SV5 showed an activation of a reporter gene that was under control of the IFN-beta promoter. The secretion of IFN from cells infected with rSV5-P/V-CPI- but not WT SV5 was confirmed by a bioassay for IFN. The rSV5-P/V-CPI- mutant grew to higher titers than did WT rSV5 at early times in multistep growth assays. However, rSV5-P/V-CPI- growth quickly reached a final plateau while WT rSV5 continued to grow and produced a final titer higher than that of rSV5-P/V-CPI- by late times postinfection. In contrast to WT rSV5, infection of a variety of cell lines with rSV5-P/V-CPI- induced cell death pathways with characteristics of apoptosis. Our results confirm a role for the SV5 V protein in blocking IFN signaling but also suggest new roles for the P/V gene products in controlling viral gene expression, the induction of IFN-alpha/beta synthesis, and virus-induced apoptosis.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities