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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of hyaluronan synthesis in Streptococcus equi FM100 by 4-methylumbelliferone.

As observed previously in cultured human skin fibroblasts, a decrease of hyaluronan production was also observed in group C Streptococcus equi FM100 cells treated with 4-methylumbelliferone (MU), although there was no effect on their growth. In this study, the inhibition mechanism of hyaluronan synthesis by MU was examined using Streptococcus equi FM100, as a model. When MU was added to a reaction mixture containing the two sugar nucleotide donors and a membrane-rich fraction as an enzyme source in a cell-free hyaluronan synthesis experiment, there was no change in the production of hyaluronan. On the contrary, when MU was added to the culture medium of FM100 cells, hyaluronan production in the isolated membranes was decreased in a dose-dependent manner. However, when the effect of MU on the expression level of hyaluronan synthase was examined, MU did not decrease either the mRNA level of the has operon containing the hyaluronan synthase gene or the protein level of hyaluronan synthase. Solubilization of the enzyme from membranes of MU-treated cells and addition of the exogenous phospholipid, cardiolipin, rescued hyaluronan synthase activity. In the mass spectrometric analysis of the membrane phospholipids from FM100 cells treated with MU, changes were observed in the distribution of only cardiolipin species but not of the other major phospholipid, PtdGro. These results suggest that MU treatment may cause a decrease in hyaluronan synthase activity by altering the lipid environment of membranes, especially the distribution of different cardiolipin species, surrounding hyaluronan synthase.[1]


  1. Inhibition of hyaluronan synthesis in Streptococcus equi FM100 by 4-methylumbelliferone. Kakizaki, I., Takagaki, K., Endo, Y., Kudo, D., Ikeya, H., Miyoshi, T., Baggenstoss, B.A., Tlapak-Simmons, V.L., Kumari, K., Nakane, A., Weigel, P.H., Endo, M. Eur. J. Biochem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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