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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-HT1A receptor activation and anti-cataleptic effects: high-efficacy agonists maximally inhibit haloperidol-induced catalepsy.

Studies have shown that 5-HT1A receptor ligands modulate antipsychotic-induced catalepsy. Here, we further examined the role of intrinsic activity at 5-HT1A receptors in these effects. The anti-cataleptic effects of 5-HT(1A) receptor ligands with positive intrinsic activity [from high to low: 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-(4-fluoro-4-[[(5-methyl-6-methylamino-pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-methyl]-piperidin-1-yl-methanone fumaric acid salt (F 13714), eptapirone, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), 2-[4-[4-(7-methoxy-1-naphtyl) piperazino]butyl]-4-methyl-2H,4H-1,2,4-triazin-3,5-dione maleic acid salt (F 11461), buspirone, 2-[4-[4-(7-benzofuranyl)piperazino]butyl]-4-methyl-2H,4H-1,2,4-triazin-3,5-dione (F 12826), ipsapirone, and (s)-N-tert-butyl-3-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine-1-yl)-2-phenylpropanamide hydrochloride (WAY 100135)] and negative intrinsic activity [N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide dihydrochloride (WAY 100635)] were examined. Catalepsy was induced by the classical antipsychotic haloperidol (0.63 mg/kg) and measured in the cross-legged position test and in the bar test. All 5-HT1A receptor agonists, except WAY 100135, significantly attenuated the effects of haloperidol in the cross-legged position test. All agonists had similar effects in the bar test, except ipsapirone, which failed to attenuate haloperidol-induced catalepsy. In contrast to the effects observed with the agonists, the inverse agonist WAY 100635 appeared to enhance haloperidol-induced catalepsy in both tests, in agreement with earlier findings. The maximal effects of the 5-HT1A receptor ligands to attenuate catalepsy correlated positively with the rank order of their intrinsic activity at 5-HT1A receptors (either catalepsy test: r(S)=0.92, P<0.001). F 13714, which had the highest intrinsic activity, maximally inhibited haloperidol-induced catalepsy in the cross-legged position and bar tests (100% and 99% inhibition, respectively). Because the magnitude of the anti-cataleptic effects of 5-HT1A receptor ligands correlates positively with their intrinsic activity, it is likely that F 13714 has marked anti-cataleptic effects because of its high intrinsic activity at 5-HT1A receptors.[1]


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