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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

L-citrulline recycling by argininosuccinate synthetase and lyase in rat gastric fundus.

The aim of this study was to investigate in rat gastric fundus whether L-citrulline, the co-product in the nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis catalyzed by neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), can be converted back to the nNOS substrate L-arginine. Immunohistochemistry showed that argininosuccinate synthetase and argininosuccinate lyase, that mediate transformation of L-citrulline to L-arginine in the ureum cycle in hepatocytes, co-localize with nNOS. In longitudinal smooth muscle strips, L-arginine as well as L-citrulline (10(-3) M) was capable of completely respectively partially preventing the N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (3 x 10(-5) M)-induced inhibition of electrically induced nitrergic relaxations, whereas D-citrulline (10(-3) M) was not. The L-citrulline-mediated prevention of the L-NAME-induced inhibition was reduced by L-glutamine (3 x 10(-3) M), the putative L-citrulline uptake inhibitor, and by succinate, an argininosuccinate lyase inhibitor. The results demonstrate that the L-citrulline recycling mechanism is active in rat gastric fundus. Recycling of L-citrulline might play a role in providing sufficient amounts of nNOS substrate during long-lasting relaxations in gastric fundus after food intake.[1]


  1. L-citrulline recycling by argininosuccinate synthetase and lyase in rat gastric fundus. Van Geldre, L.A., Timmermans, J.P., Lefebvre, R.A. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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