The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IFN-gamma represses IL-4 expression via IRF-1 and IRF-2.

Polarization of CD4(+) T helper cells toward either a Th1 or Th2 response can significantly influence host immunity to pathogens. IL-4 and IFN-gamma are the signature cytokines of Th2 and Th1 cells, respectively. IFN-gamma was shown to assist Th1 development by promoting IL-12 and IL-12 receptor expression. So far, direct influence of Th2 cytokine expression by IFN-gamma has not been described. We show here that IFN-gamma directly suppresses IL-4 gene expression. IRF-1 and IRF-2 induced by IFN-gamma bind to three distinct IL-4 promoter sites and function as transcriptional repressors. Our data demonstrate a direct negative feedback of IFN-gamma on expression of the Th2 cytokine gene IL-4 and, thus, provide evidence for another important mechanism by which IFNgamma assists Th1 and attenuates Th2 responses.[1]


  1. IFN-gamma represses IL-4 expression via IRF-1 and IRF-2. Elser, B., Lohoff, M., Kock, S., Giaisi, M., Kirchhoff, S., Krammer, P.H., Li-Weber, M. Immunity (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities