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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Norepinephrine release from the ischemic heart is greatly enhanced in mice lacking histamine H3 receptors.

We previously reported that histamine H(3) receptors (H(3)Rs) are present in cardiac sympathetic nerve endings (cSNE) of animals and humans, where they attenuate norepinephrine (NE) release in normal and hyperadrenergic states, such as myocardial ischemia. The recent creation of a transgenic line of mice lacking H(3)R provided us with the opportunity to assess the relevance of H(3)R in the ischemic heart. We isolated SNE from hearts of wild-type (H(3)R(+/+)) and knockout (H(3)R(-/-)) mice and found that basal NE release from H(3)R(-/-) cSNE was approximately 60% greater than that from H(3)R(+/+) cSNE. NE exocytosis evoked by K(+)-induced depolarization of cSNE from H(3)R(+/+) mice was attenuated by activation of either H(3)R or adenosine A(1) receptors (A(1)R). In contrast, NE release from cSNE of H(3)R(-/-) was unaffected by H(3)R agonists, but it was still attenuated by A(1)R activation. When isolated mouse hearts were subjected to ischemia for 20 min, NE overflow into the coronaries was 2-fold greater in the H(3)R(-/-) hearts than in those from H(3)R(+/+) mice. Furthermore, whereas stimulation of H(3)R or A(1)R reduced ischemic NE overflow from H(3)R(+/+) hearts by 50%, only A(1)R, but not H(3)R activation, reduced NE release in H(3)R(-/-). Our data demonstrate that NE release from cSNE can be modulated by various heteroinhibitory receptors (e.g., H(3)R and A(1)R) and that H(3)Rs are particularly important in modulating NE release in myocardial ischemia. Inasmuch as excessive NE release is clinically recognized as a major cause of arrhythmic cardiac dysfunction, our findings reveal a significant cardioprotective role of H(3)R on cSNE.[1]


  1. Norepinephrine release from the ischemic heart is greatly enhanced in mice lacking histamine H3 receptors. Koyama, M., Seyedi, N., Fung-Leung, W.P., Lovenberg, T.W., Levi, R. Mol. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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