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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selective phosphorylation of the IP3R-I in vivo by cGMP-dependent protein kinase in smooth muscle.

This study examined the expression of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor (IP(3)R) types and PKG isoforms in isolated gastric smooth muscle cells and determined the ability of PKG and PKA to phosphorylate IP(3)Rs and inhibit IP(3)-dependent Ca(2+) release, which mediates the initial phase of agonist-induced contraction. PKG-Ialpha and PKG-Ibeta were expressed in gastric smooth muscle cells, together with IP(3)-R-associated cG-kinase substrate, a protein that couples PKG-Ibeta to IP(3)R-I. IP(3)R-I and IP(3)R-III were also expressed, but only IP(3)R-I was phosphorylated by PKA and PKG in vitro and exclusively by PKG in vivo. Sequential phosphorylation by PKA and by PKG-Ialpha in vitro showed that PKA phosphorylated the same site as PKG (presumably S(1755)) and an additional PKA-specific site (S(1589)). In intact muscle cells, agents that activated PKG or both PKG and PKA induced IP(3)R-I phosphorylation that was reversed by the PKG inhibitor (8R,9S,11s)-(-)-9-methoxy-carbamyl-8-methyl-2,3,9,10-tetrahydro-8,11-epoxy-1H,8H,1H,-2,7b,11a-trizadizo-benzo9(a,g)cycloocta(c,d,e)-trinden-1-one. Agents that activated PKA induced IP(3)R-I phosphorylation in permeabilized but not intact muscle cells, implying that PKA does not gain access to IP(3)R-I in intact muscle cells. The pattern of IP(3)R-I phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro was more consistent with phosphorylation by PKG-Ialpha. Phosphorylation of IP(3)R-I in microsomes by PKG, PKA, or a combination of PKG and PKA inhibited IP(3)-induced Ca(2+) release to the same extent, implying that inhibition was mediated by phosphorylation of the PKG-specific site. We conclude that IP(3)R-I is selectively phosphorylated by PKG-I in intact smooth muscle resulting in inhibition of IP(3)-dependent Ca(2+) release.[1]


  1. Selective phosphorylation of the IP3R-I in vivo by cGMP-dependent protein kinase in smooth muscle. Murthy, K.S., Zhou, H. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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