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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibition of activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes in a simulated extracorporeal circulation model.

OBJECTIVES: Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome and the risk of multiorgan injuries mediated by activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Phosphodiesterase type 4 is the predominant phosphodiesterase isozyme in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and plays a key role in the regulation of polymorphonuclear leukocyte activation. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of rolipram, a selective phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor, on the functional changes of polymorphonuclear leukocytes by using simulated extracorporeal circulation. METHODS: Simulated extracorporeal circulation was established by recirculating heparinized human blood for 120 minutes on a membrane oxygenator with and without 10 micro mol/L rolipram. F-actin content and L-selectin and CD11b expression of polymorphonuclear leukocytes were measured by means of flow cytometry. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte deformability was evaluated with a microchannel array flow analyzer that had a similar diameter as the capillaries. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte elastase was measured with an enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS: Rolipram reduced the increase of F-actin content of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and the increase of transit time of 100 micro L of blood sample through a microchannel. Rolipram reduced the increase of CD11b expression and the decrease of L-selectin expression of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Rolipram reduced the release of elastase from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. CONCLUSION: Rolipram inhibited the deformability change mediated by F-actin assembly, the changes in adhesion molecules, and the release of elastase from activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes in simulated extracorporeal circulation. This study suggests that phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibition could be a feasible therapeutic strategy to prevent the exaggerated inflammatory response related to cardiopulmonary bypass.[1]


  1. Phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibition of activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes in a simulated extracorporeal circulation model. Sato, Y., Hiramatsu, Y., Homma, S., Sato, S., Onizuka, M., Sakakibara, Y. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (2003) [Pubmed]
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