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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

c-Myc directly regulates the transcription of the NBS1 gene involved in DNA double-strand break repair.

The c-myc proto-oncogene encodes a ubiquitous transcription factor involved in the control of cell growth and implicated in inducing tumorigenesis. Understanding the function of c-Myc and its role in cancer depends upon the identification of c-Myc target genes. Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a chromosomal-instability syndrome associated with cancer predisposition, radiosensitivity, and chromosomal instability. The NBS gene product, NBS1 (p95 or nibrin), is a part of the hMre11 complex, a central player associated with double-strand break (DSB) repair. NBS1 contains domains characteristic for proteins involved in DNA repair, recombination, and replication. Here we show that c-Myc directly activates NBS1. c-Myc- mediated induction of NBS1 gene transcription occurs in different tissues, is independent of cell proliferation, and is mediated by a c-Myc binding site in the intron 1 region of NBS1 gene. Overexpression of NBS1 in Rat1a cells increased cell proliferation. These results indicate that NBS1 is a direct transcriptional target of c-Myc and links the function of c-Myc to the regulation of DNA DSB repair pathway operating during DNA replication.[1]


  1. c-Myc directly regulates the transcription of the NBS1 gene involved in DNA double-strand break repair. Chiang, Y.C., Teng, S.C., Su, Y.N., Hsieh, F.J., Wu, K.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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