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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partial purification of latent persimmon fruit polyphenol oxidase.

Persimmon fruit polyphenol oxidase ( PPO) was partially purified using a combination of phase partitioning with Triton X-114 and ammonium sulfate fractionation between 50 and 75%. The enzyme, which showed both monophenolase and diphenolase activities, was partially purified in a latent form and could be optimally activated by the presence of 1 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) with an optimum pH of 5. 5. In the absence of SDS, the enzyme showed maximum activity at acid pH. SDS-PAGE showed the presence of a single band when L-DOPA was used as substrate. The apparent kinetic parameters of the latent enzyme were determined at pH 5.5, the V(m) value being 15 times higher in the presence of SDS than in its absence, whereas the K(M) was the same in both cases, with a value of 0.68 mM. The effect of several inhibitors was studied, tropolone being the most active with a K(i) value of 0.45 microM. In addition, the effect of cyclodextrins (CDs) was studied, and the complexation constant (K(c)) between 4-tert-butylcatechol (TBC) and CDs was calculated using an enzymatic method. The value obtained for K(c) was 15580 M(-1).[1]


  1. Partial purification of latent persimmon fruit polyphenol oxidase. Núñez-Delicado, E., Sojo, M.M., García-Carmona, F., Sánchez-Ferrer, A. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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