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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acute activation of the spinal cord metabotropic glutamate subtype-5 receptor leads to cold hypersensitivity in the rat.

Activation of spinal cord dorsal horn ionotropic glutamate receptors leads to pain-related behaviors. However, the role of spinal metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu), particularly the mGlu5 receptor subtype, in nociception has not been well characterized. A recently described subtype selective and potent mGluR5 antagonist, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP) was used to evaluate the role of the mGlu5 receptor in cold sensitivity. Intrathecal (i.t.) injection of group I (mGlu1 and mGlu5 receptors) mGlu receptor-selective agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) increased the hind paw frequency and duration of lifting of rats placed on a cold (4 degrees C) surface, a behavior similarly observed in rats with a chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve. In contrast, rats i.t. injected with DHPG did not display increased lifting when placed on a room temperature surface. I.t. injection of MPEP before i.t. injection of DHPG blocked DHPG-evoked cold hypersensitivity, suggesting that activation of spinal mGlu5 receptors induces this behavioral response. In contrast, i.t. injection of MPEP after i.t. injection of DHPG had no effect. In addition, i.t. injection of MPEP did not affect cold hypersensitivity in rats with a CCI. These data suggest that acute activation of spinal cord mGlu5 receptors results in increased sensitivity to cold, but ongoing cold hypersensitivity does not involve activation of the mGlu5 receptor.[1]


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