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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of neuropeptides and capsaicin-sensitive fibres in glutamate-induced nociception and paw oedema in mice.

This study sought to establish whether sensory neuropeptides and the capsaicin-sensitive fibres are involved in the nociception and oedema formation caused by intraplantar ( injection of glutamate into the mouse paw. The co-injection of the selective neurokinin (NK) NK(2) (SR 48968, 0.05-0.5 nmol/paw), and to a lesser extent the selective NK(1) (FK 888, 0.25-1.0 nmol/paw) receptor antagonists, resulted in a significant inhibition of glutamate-induced nociception. The percentages of inhibition were 82 and 37%, respectively. In contrast, the selective NK(3) receptor antagonist (SR 142801, 0.25-1.0 nmol/paw) failed to significantly affect glutamate-induced nociception. SR 48968, but not FK 888 or SR 142801, significantly inhibited (36%) glutamate-induced paw oedema formation. The injection of kinin B(1) receptor antagonist des-Arg(9)-[Leu(8)]-BK (0.2-0.8 nmol/paw), but not the B(2) receptor antagonist HOE 140 (1.0-4.0 nmol/paw), together with glutamate, also inhibited glutamate-induced nociception (53%) in a graded manner, without affecting glutamate-induced paw oedema. The co-injection of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist CGRP(8-37) (1 nmol/paw) failed to significantly inhibit glutamate-induced nociception or oedema. Finally, neonatal-capsaicin (50 mg/kg, s.c.) treatment inhibited glutamate-induced nociception by 69% and to a lesser extent glutamate-mediated oedema formation (30%). Collectively, the current results indicate that the nociception caused by injection of glutamate in mice is clearly mediated by capsaicin-sensitive fibres and by release of neurokinins from sensory neurones that activate NK(2) receptors and to a lesser extent NK(1) receptors. Furthermore, kinins acting at B(1) (but not at B(2)) receptors also largely account for glutamate-mediated nociceptive behaviour response. In contrast, glutamate-induced paw oedema seems to be primarily mediated via activation of NK(2) receptors and stimulation of capsaicin-sensitive C-fibres. CGRP receptors do not seem to be involved in either of the glutamate responses.[1]


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