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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Wound infiltration with ropivacaine and fentanyl: effects on postoperative pain and PONV after breast surgery.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether postoperative wound infiltration with local anesthetics combined with fentanyl improves analgesia following breast surgery; and to investigate awakening and postoperative nausea/vomiting. DESIGN: Prospectively randomized clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 45 ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for breast surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were prospectively randomized and assigned to one of three treatments during general anesthesia: postsurgical wound infiltration with ropivacaine 0.375%; wound infiltration with ropivacaine 0.375% combined with fentanyl 0.5 microg/kg; and intravenous (i.v.) fentanyl 0.5 microg/kg before skin incision and no wound infiltration. Time to first verbal response, pain at rest, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and ketobemidone and dixyrazine utilization were compared. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Time to first verbal response was significantly shorter in the i.v. fentanyl group compared to both infiltration groups (8.1 +/- 4.5 min vs. 15.3 +/- 4.3, and 12.0 +/- 5.0 min; p < 0.05, respectively). Postoperative pain at rest, and nausea and vomiting occurred with similar frequencies in the groups. Ketobemidone utilization in both infiltration groups, (2.4 +/- 1.8 mg and 3.1 +/- 1.8 mg, respectively) was not different compared to the i.v. fentanyl group (2.9 +/- 2.0 mg; NS). There were no differences in postoperative antiemetic requirements during the first, second and third two-hour periods postoperatively. The dixyrazine consumption was similar in the three groups, (0.9 +/- 1.5 mg, 0.8 +/- 1.3 mg, and 1.4 +/- 1.8 mg, respectively; NS). CONCLUSION: Postsurgical ropivacaine wound infiltration, with or without adding fentanyl, demonstrates no differences in postoperative pain relief and nausea/vomiting compared to a balanced general anesthetic including i.v. fentanyl.[1]


  1. Wound infiltration with ropivacaine and fentanyl: effects on postoperative pain and PONV after breast surgery. Johansson, A., Kornfält, J., Nordin, L., Svensson, L., Ingvar, C., Lundberg, J. Journal of clinical anesthesia. (2003) [Pubmed]
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