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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tetraarsenic oxide, a novel orally administrable angiogenesis inhibitor.

Arsenic compounds have been used to treat angiogenic diseases such as cancer, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis in traditional oriental medicine. In recent years, arsenic trioxide (As2O3, diarsenic oxide) has been successfully used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia. We investigated the antiangiogenic properties of tetraarsenic oxide (As4O6), another trivalent arsenic compound. In in vitro studies, tetraarsenic oxide inhibited the proliferation (IC50 = 99.7 nM), migration into the denuded area (IC50 = 27.4 nM), and invasion through a layer of Matrigel (IC50 = 73.5 nM) of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-stimulated bovine capillary endothelial (BCE) cells in a dose-dependent manner. Tetraarsenic oxide also inhibited the tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Tetraarsenic oxide induced cell cycle arrest of bFGF- stimulated BCE cells in the G2/M phase and inhibited the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2 from BCE cells. Orally administered tetraarsenic oxide (50 mg/kg/day) inhibited bFGF-induced new-vessel formation in a rat corneal micropocket assay, and reduced by about 54% the number of experimental pulmonary metastatic nodules in mice implanted with B16F10 melanoma cells. Thus, we provide evidence that tetraarsenic oxide has effective antiangiogenic activities.[1]


  1. Tetraarsenic oxide, a novel orally administrable angiogenesis inhibitor. Park, M.J., Park, I.C., Bae, I.J., Seo, K.M., Lee, S.H., Hong, S.I., Eun, C.K., Zhang, W., Rhee, C.H. Int. J. Oncol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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