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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Candidate genes for anorexia nervosa in the 1p33-36 linkage region: serotonin 1D and delta opioid receptor loci exhibit significant association to anorexia nervosa.

Serotonergic and opioidergic neurotransmitter system alterations have been observed in people with eating disorders; the genes for the serotonin 1D receptor (HTR1D) and the opioid delta receptor (OPRD1) are found on chr1p36.3-34.3, a region identified by our group in a linkage analysis of anorexia nervosa (AN). These candidate genes were evaluated for sequence variation and for linkage and association of this sequence variation to AN in family and case : control data sets. Resequencing of the HTR1D locus and a portion of the OPRD1 locus identified novel SNPs and confirmed existing SNPs. Genotype assay development and genotyping of nine SNPs (four at HTR1D and five at OPRD1) was performed on 191 unrelated individuals fulfilling DSM-IV criteria (w/o amenorrhea criterion) for AN, 442 relatives of AN probands and 98 psychiatrically screened controls. Linkage analysis of these candidate gene SNPs with 33 microsatellite markers in families including relative pairs concordantly affected with restricting AN (N=37) substantially increased the evidence for linkage of this region to restricting AN to an NPL score of 3.91. Statistically significant genotypic, allelic, and haplotypic association to AN in the case : control design was observed at HTR1D and OPRD1 with effect sizes for individual SNPs of 2.63 (95% CI=1.21-5.75) for HTR1D and 1.61 (95% CI=1.11-2.44) for OPRD1. Using genotype data on parents and AN probands, three SNPs at HTR1D were found to exhibit significant transmission disequilibrium (P&<0.05). The combined statistical genetic evidence suggests that HTR1D and OPRD1 or linked genes may be involved in the etiology of AN.[1]

References

  1. Candidate genes for anorexia nervosa in the 1p33-36 linkage region: serotonin 1D and delta opioid receptor loci exhibit significant association to anorexia nervosa. Bergen, A.W., van den Bree, M.B., Yeager, M., Welch, R., Ganjei, J.K., Haque, K., Bacanu, S., Berrettini, W.H., Grice, D.E., Goldman, D., Bulik, C.M., Klump, K., Fichter, M., Halmi, K., Kaplan, A., Strober, M., Treasure, J., Woodside, B., Kaye, W.H. Mol. Psychiatry (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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