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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 mutant with modified stress response and impaired in flocculation.

The analysis of an A. brasilense Tn5 mutant shows significant phenotypic differences compared to the wild type isogenic strain. The transposon was located disrupting an open reading frame of 840 bp (ORF280) which exhibits similarity to the universal stress protein (USP) family. The USP family encompasses proteins that are expressed as a response to cell growth arrest. The mutant revealed a pleiotrophic phenotype with respect to different stress conditions. The ORF mutation results in an increased sensitivity of cells to carbon starvation and heat-shock treatment. However, the mutant strain displays a higher tolerance to oxidative stress agents. In contrast to the isogenic parent strain, colonies of the mutant are weakly stained by Congo red added to solid media and are impaired in flocculation. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that the mutant lacks part of the surface material present as a thick layer of exopolysaccharides on the surface of the wild type cells. The pleiotrophic phenotype revealed for this mutant and the similarity of the C-terminal region of ORF280 to UspA from E. coli indicates that the A. brasilense ORF280 may be a Usp-like protein.[1]


  1. An Azospirillum brasilense Tn5 mutant with modified stress response and impaired in flocculation. Galindo Blaha, C.A., Schrank, I.S. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek (2003) [Pubmed]
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