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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetic-based total intravenous anaesthesia using remifentanil and propofol for surgical myocardial revascularization.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We investigated the following aspects of pharmacokinetic-guided total intravenous anaesthesia with remifentanil and propofol in patients undergoing surgical myocardial revascularization: anaesthetic efficacy, haemodynamic effects, impact on extubation of the trachea and analgesia after operation. METHODS: Thirty-two patients undergoing on-pump coronary bypass surgery received intravenous anaesthesia with remifentanil and propofol. Both drugs were dosed and titrated based on computer-assisted pharmacokinetic models to maintain constant plasma concentrations. The propofol target plasma concentration was 1.2 microg mL(-1) throughout the procedure. A remifentanil target plasma concentration of 8 ng mL(-1) was achieved over 2 min for induction. After tracheal intubation, the opioid plasma concentration was reduced to 4 ng mL(-1), and then titrated up to 8 ng mL(-1) during surgery. Postoperative analgesia was managed with remifentanil infusion until 4 h after tracheal extubation, and a continuous infusion of tramadol was started 1 h before the remifentanil was stopped. RESULTS: After induction of anaesthesia, heart rate (-20%) and cardiac index (-6%) decreased significantly. No hypotensive episodes (mean arterial pressure < 60 mmHg) occurred. Intraoperative haemodynamics were stable. Three cases of myocardial ischaemia were detected: two by transoesophageal echocardiography and one with ST-segment monitoring. The duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation of the lungs was 95 +/- 13 min and the time to extubation was 150 +/- 18 min. Postoperative analgesia was satisfactory in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacokinetic-based total intravenous anaesthesia with remifentanil and propofol provides adequate anaesthesia during coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and allows safe early extubation after operation.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetic-based total intravenous anaesthesia using remifentanil and propofol for surgical myocardial revascularization. Guarracino, F., Penzo, D., De Cosmo, D., Vardanega, A., De Stefani, R. European journal of anaesthesiology. (2003) [Pubmed]
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