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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolations of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-type glutamate receptor ligands from Micronesian sponges.

The bioassay-guided fractionation of the water-soluble extract of the marine sponge Cribrochalina olemda collected in Palau resulted in the isolation of a new amino acid cribronic acid (1): (2S,4R,5R)-5-hydroxy-4-sulfooxypiperidine-2-carboxylic acid. However, aqueous extracts of Stylotella aurantium and Axinella carteri collected in Yap State, Micronesia, afforded a known N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA)-type glutamate receptor agonist, (2S,4S)-4-sulfooxypiperidine-2-carboxylic acid (2), as a common active principle. Both 1 and 2 induced convulsive behaviors in mice upon intracerebroventricular (icv) injection with ED(50) values of 29 +/- 3.0 and 20 +/- 2.8 pmol/mouse, respectively. Radioligand binding assay using rat cerebrocortical membrane demonstrated that 1 and 2 inhibit the binding of the labeled NMDA receptor ligand [(3)H]CGP39653 at IC(50) values of 83 +/- 15 and 214 +/- 20 nM, respectively. However, 1 and 2 did not displace [(3)H]kainic acid or [(3)H]AMPA. These data indicated that 1 is a selective NMDA-type glutamate receptor ligand with potent convulsant activity in mice.[1]


  1. Isolations of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-type glutamate receptor ligands from Micronesian sponges. Sakai, R., Matsubara, H., Shimamoto, K., Jimbo, M., Kamiya, H., Namikoshi, M. J. Nat. Prod. (2003) [Pubmed]
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