The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polycystin-1 distribution is modulated by polycystin-2 expression in mammalian cells.

Mutations in PKD1 and PKD2, the genes that encode polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 respectively, account for almost all cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Although the polycystins are believed to interact in vivo, the two proteins often display dissimilar patterns and gradients of expression during development. In an effort to understand this apparent discrepancy, we investigated how changes in polycystin-2 expression can affect the subcellular localization of polycystin-1. We show that, when polycystin-1 is expressed alone in a PKD2 null cell line, it localizes to the cell surface, as well as to the endoplasmic reticulum. When co-expressed with polycystin-2, however, polycystin-1 is not seen at the cell surface and co-localizes completely with polycystin-2 in the endoplasmic reticulum. The localization of a polycystin-1 fusion protein was similarly affected by changes in its level of expression relative to that of polycystin-2. This phenomenon was observed in populations as well as in individual COS-7 cells. Our data suggest that the localization of polycystin-1 can be regulated via the relative expression level of polycystin-2 in mammalian cells. This mechanism may help to explain the divergent patterns and levels of expression observed for the polycystins, and may provide clues as to how the function of these two proteins are regulated during development.[1]


  1. Polycystin-1 distribution is modulated by polycystin-2 expression in mammalian cells. Grimm, D.H., Cai, Y., Chauvet, V., Rajendran, V., Zeltner, R., Geng, L., Avner, E.D., Sweeney, W., Somlo, S., Caplan, M.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities