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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antisense oligodeoxynucleotide inhibits expression of recombinant porcine follicle-stimulating hormone receptor.

To assess the role of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) gene expression in regulating expression of FSHR protein in the plasma membrane, the effects of a porcine FSHR cDNA antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) on FSHR mRNA levels and 125I-FSH binding were determined in Chinese hamster ovary cells expression recombinant porcine FSHR (pFSHR-CHO cells). An 18-mer phosphorothioate-endcapped antisense ODN that corresponded to the region surrounding the translation initiation codon of the porcine FSHR cDNA was synthesized. An 18-mer nonsense sequence of identical nucleotide composition, which had little homology to known DNA sequences, was synthesized for use as a control. pFSHR-CHO cells were cultured in 24-well plates (10(5) cells/well) in the absence or presence of 1-20 mumol/L antisense or nonsense ODN for 24 h and then assayed for porcine FSHR mRNA, using quantitative reverse transcription and competitive polymerase chain reaction, and for 125I-FSH binding activity. Treatment with 10 mumol/L antisense ODN caused a paradoxical increase in porcine FSHR mRNA from 0.89 +/- 0.06 to 1.64 +/- 0.08 ng/mg total RNA (P < 0.05). Transfection with lipofectamine and 0.33 mumol/L antisense ODN caused an increase in porcine mRNA from 0.95 +/- 0.08 to 1.53 +/- 0.07 ng/mg total RAN. This was probably due to upregulation of mRNA synthesis resulting from inhibition of porcine FSHR protein translation. The nonsense ODN had no effect on porcine FSHR mRNA. Antisense, but not nonsense, ODN (10 mumol/L) inhibited membrane binding of 125I-FSH by 13.6 +/- 0.8% (P < 0.05) in 24 h. Treatment of cells with antisense ODN (10 mumol/L) for 48 h resulted in a 76 +/- 1.5% (P < 0.05) inhibition of 125I-FSH binding. In contrast, transfection with lipofectamine and 0.33 mumol/L antisense ODN at 0 h caused a 76.1 +/- 1.3% (P < 0.05) reduction in binding within 24 h. Binding had returned to 52.3 +/- 2.3% (P < 0.05) of normal by 48 h. These results indicate that an antisense ODN corresponding to the region of the translation start site of the porcine FSHR cDNA is an effective specific inhibitor of porcine FSHR synthesis and that inhibition of receptor synthesis causes a decrease in functional membrane-bound FSHR.[1]


  1. Antisense oligodeoxynucleotide inhibits expression of recombinant porcine follicle-stimulating hormone receptor. Zhu, C., Nixon, M.D., Wang, Y., LaBarbera, A.R. J. Tongji Med. Univ. (1999) [Pubmed]
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