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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Intestinal anti-nociceptive behaviour of NK3 receptor antagonism in conscious rats: evidence to support a peripheral mechanism of action.

The involvement of neurokinin receptors in visceral nociception is well documented. However, the role and localization of NK3 receptors is not clearly established. This study was designed to determine whether NK3 receptor antagonists crossing (talnetant) or not (SB-235375) the blood-brain barrier reduce the nociceptive response to colo-rectal distension (CRD) and whether NK3 antagonism reduces inflammation- or stress-induced hypersensitivity to rectal distension. Isobaric CRD and isovolumic rectal distensions were performed in rats equipped with intramuscular electrodes to record abdominal muscle contractions. In controls, CRD induced a pressure-related (15-60 mmHg) increase in the number of abdominal contractions. Both talnetant and SB-235375 [50 mg x kg-1, per oral (p.o.)], which had no effect on colo-rectal tone, reduced the number of contractions associated with CRDs from 30 to 60 mmHg. Three days after rectal instillation of TNBS, abdominal contractions were increased for rectal distension volume of 0.4 mL. This effect was not modified by talnetant (30 mg x kg-1, p.o.). Partial restraint stress increased abdominal contractions at all distension volumes (0-1.2 mL). Talnetant (10 mg kg-1, p.o.) abolished the increase observed for 0.8 and 1.2 mL. These results indicate that peripheral NK3 receptor antagonism reduced nociception associated with CRD and hypersensitivity induced by stress but not inflammation.[1]

References

  1. Intestinal anti-nociceptive behaviour of NK3 receptor antagonism in conscious rats: evidence to support a peripheral mechanism of action. Fioramonti, J., Gaultier, E., Toulouse, M., Sanger, G.J., Bueno, L. Neurogastroenterol. Motil. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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