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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulating atherosclerosis through inhibition or blockade of angiotensin.

Angiotensin-convertng enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are well recognized for their benefits in treating hypertension and congestive heart failure and preventing postmyocardial infarction heart failure or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Recently, blockade of the angiotensin II type 1 ( AT1) receptor was shown to reduce cardiovascular events in hypertensive subjects with LV hypertrophy. Several lines of evidence are now converging to show that ACE inhibitors may affect the atherosclerotic process itself. Emerging clinical data indicate that angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) may possibly modulate atherosclerosis as well. The antiatherogenic properties of ACE inhibitors and ARBs may derive from inhibition or blockade of angiotensin II, now recognized as an agent that increases oxidative stress.Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and angiotensin-receptor blockade also increase endothelial nitric oxide formation, which improves endothelial function. In contrast to the effects of ARBs, the vascular effects of ACE inhibitors may, in part, be mediated by an increase in bradykinin. This article reviews some of the biologic mechanisms whereby ACE inhibitors and ARBs may modulate atherosclerosis.[1]


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