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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiogenic growth factor response to acute systemic exercise in human skeletal muscle.

We investigated whether acute systemic exercise increases vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor (KDR and Flt-1) mRNA, and VEGF protein in sedentary humans. Twelve sedentary subjects were recruited and performed 1 h of acute, cycle ergometer exercise at 50% of maximal oxygen consumption. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis before exercise and at 0, 2, and 4 h postexercise. Acute exercise significantly increased VEGF mRNA at 2 and 4 h and increased KDR and Flt-1 mRNA at 4 h postexercise. The sustained increase in VEGF mRNA through 4 h and the increases in KDR and Flt-1 at 4 h are different from their respective time course responses in rats. In contrast to the increase in VEGF mRNA postexercise, VEGF protein levels were decreased at 0 h postexercise. These results provide evidence in humans that 1) VEGF, KDR, and Flt-1 mRNA are increased by acute systemic exercise; 2) the time course of the VEGF, KDR, and Flt-1 mRNA responses are different from those previously reported in rats (Gavin TP and Wagner PD. Acta Physiol Scand 175: 201-209, 2002); and 3) VEGF protein is decreased immediately after exercise.[1]


  1. Angiogenic growth factor response to acute systemic exercise in human skeletal muscle. Gavin, T.P., Robinson, C.B., Yeager, R.C., England, J.A., Nifong, L.W., Hickner, R.C. J. Appl. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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