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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Measurement of enzyme kinetics using a continuous-flow microfluidic system.

This paper describes a microanalytical method for determining enzyme kinetics using a continuous-flow microfluidic system. The analysis is carried out by immobilizing the enzyme on microbeads, packing the microbeads into a chip-based microreactor (volume approximately 1.0 nL), and flowing the substrate over the packed bed. Data were analyzed using the Lilly-Hornby equation and compared to values obtained from conventional measurements based on the Michaelis-Menten equation. The two different enzyme-catalyzed reactions studied were chosen so that the substrate would be nonfluorescent and the product fluorescent. The first reaction involved the horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed reaction between hydrogen peroxide and N-acetyl-3,7-dihydroxyphenoxazine (amplex red) to yield fluorescent resorufin, and the second the beta-galactosidase-catalyzed reaction of nonfluorescent resorufin-beta-D-galactopyranoside to yield D-galactose and fluorescent resorufin. In both cases, the microfluidics-based method yielded the same result obtained from the standard Michaelis-Menten treatment. The continuous-flow method required approximately 10 microL of substrate solution and 10(9) enzyme molecules. This approach provides a new means for rapid determination of enzyme kinetics in microfluidic systems, which may be useful for clinical diagnostics, and drug discovery and screening.[1]


  1. Measurement of enzyme kinetics using a continuous-flow microfluidic system. Seong, G.H., Heo, J., Crooks, R.M. Anal. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
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