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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TNF-alpha differentially regulates Ia antigen expression and macrophage tumoricidal activity in two murine macrophage cell lines.

We have assessed tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production and its autocrine effects on activation in two murine macrophage cell lines which have distinct responses to the activation stimuli interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and compared these responses to those observed in thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages. IFN-gamma induced TNF-alpha production in RAW 264.7 cells and this induction was regulated at the transcriptional level. IFN-gamma did not stimulate TNF-alpha production in either WEHI-3 cells or peritoneal macrophages, although MHC class II antigen expression was induced. LPS stimulated TNF-alpha production in the RAW 264.7 cell line and peritoneal macrophages; however, no TNF-alpha was detected in WEHI-3 cells activated with LPS. We also assessed the ability of endogenous TNF-alpha to serve as an autocrine regulator of two aspects of IFN-gamma-mediated macrophage activation, namely, induction of antibody-independent tumoricidal activity and induction of MHC class II antigen expression. These studies revealed that TNF-alpha could act synergistically or antagonistically with IFN-gamma in the regulation of these two functions, depending on both the macrophage population used and the function assessed. The results of our experiments suggest that the mechanism of induction of TNF-alpha production by IFN-gamma or LPS, and the ultimate autocrine contribution of such TNF-alpha to a given activation response, is dependent on the activated macrophage target population under analysis. The WEHI-3 and RAW 264.7 cell lines provide a model system for comparative exploration of the mechanistic basis of this differential regulation.[1]


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