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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polar arrest of the simian virus 40 tumor antigen-mediated replication fork movement in vitro by the tus protein-terB complex of Escherichia coli.

The effect of the tus protein-terB sequence complex of Escherichia coli on the movement of the SV40 large tumor antigen (T antigen)-mediated replication fork during SV40 DNA replication in vitro has been examined. In the monopolymerase and dipolymerase systems, the tus protein-terB complex efficiently blocked the replication fork movement in a polar fashion, as observed in prokaryotic replication systems. With crude cytosolic extracts of HeLa cells, the same polarity of fork arrest was observed, but the block of replication fork movement was inefficient. These results indicate that the structure of the prokaryotic tus protein-terB complex allows it to block replication fork movement in an orientation-dependent manner. We also show that the tus protein-terB complex blocks the 3'----5' helicase action of T antigen in a polar fashion, using substrates comprised of single-stranded M13 DNA with either a 52-base pair (bp) or 29-bp duplex containing the terB sequence. The tus protein-terB complex formed on the 52-bp duplex was less effective than the complex formed on the 29-bp duplex in blocking the helicase action of T antigen. With the 52-bp duplex substrate, T antigen movement was only partially (30%) blocked by the tus protein-terB sequence complex in the active orientation, whereas the E. coli dnaB helicase moving 5'----3' was blocked more than 90% by the complex in the active orientation. However, with the shorter 29-bp duplex substrate, the complex blocked the T antigen helicase activity about 75%, whereas the dnaB helicase activity was completely blocked. Altogether, these results suggest that the T antigen helicase activity, when coupled to DNA replication, is more susceptible to arrest by the tus protein-terB complex than the T antigen functioning as a helicase alone.[1]


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