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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Identification of a novel annexin in Hydra vulgaris. Characterization, cDNA cloning, and protein kinase C phosphorylation of annexin XII.

As a first step toward the elucidation of a simple animal model in which to investigate annexin function, we identified, isolated, and characterized a novel annexin from Hydra vulgaris, annexin XII. A hydra cDNA library was screened using a probe generated by polymerase chain reaction from primers based on the partial amino acid sequence of annexin XII. Annexin XII cDNA was cloned and the functional protein was expressed in high yields in Escherichia coli. The annexin XII cDNA sequence predicted a 316-amino acid protein that had between 44 and 54% sequence identity with the Ca2+-binding core domains of previously characterized vertebrate and Drosophila annexins. The amino-terminal domain of annexin XII did not have sequence similarity with other known annexins except at and around a site that resembled known protein kinase C ( PKC) phosphorylation sites in other annexins. As anticipated from its sequence, annexin XII was a high affinity substrate for purified rat brain PKC; half-maximal phosphorylation occurred below 0.1 microM annexin XII, and incorporation of up to 0.8 mol of phosphate/ mol of annexin XII was observed. A PKC-like activity in hydra extracts also phosphorylated annexin XII. In summary, hydra promises to be a valuable model system for investigating the biological function of annexins and for determining how this function is modulated by PKC phosphorylation.[1]

References

  1. Identification of a novel annexin in Hydra vulgaris. Characterization, cDNA cloning, and protein kinase C phosphorylation of annexin XII. Schlaepfer, D.D., Fisher, D.A., Brandt, M.E., Bode, H.R., Jones, J.M., Haigler, H.T. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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