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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulation by NaCl of atrial natriuretic peptide receptor levels and cyclic GMP responsiveness to atrial natriuretic peptide of cultured vascular endothelial cells.

Type C atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP) receptor levels in cultured vascular endothelial cells were found to be very sensitive to NaCl and shown to be inversely related to the magnitude of ANP-induced cGMP response of the cells. Endothelial cells from bovine carotid artery were subcultured in Eagle's minimum essential medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (MEM-FBS) and in MEM-FBS plus 25 and 50 mM NaCl. Determination, after several passages, of ANP receptor levels in these cells by 125I- ANP binding assay and affinity labeling revealed a marked reduction in the number of type C receptor in the NaCl-treated cells, whereas type A receptor density was not affected. RNase protection assay to estimate the levels of type C receptor mRNA indicated that the reduction occurred at a pre-translational level. In spite of the decrease in type C receptor number and no significant change in type A receptor (i.e. particulate guanylate cyclase) levels, cGMP response of the NaCl-treated cells to ANP was greatly exaggerated; this sensitization was also observed in membrane preparations. Simple masking of type C ANP receptor with C- ANF (des-[Gln18,Ser19,Gly20,Leu21,Gly22]ANP), a ring-deleted ANP analog, did not produce any sensitization of the cGMP response to ANP; therefore, the above phenomenon cannot simply be explained by the clearance function of the type C receptor. Although whether the type C receptor depletion is directly related to the sensitization of the type A receptor/cyclase is not known, the phenomenon reported and characterized here will serve as a useful basis for elucidating ANP receptor regulation and activation.[1]


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